The dance of death as also other plays of Strindberg has as major theme the unhappiness of married life. In this play we have a couple, the general Edgar and his wife Alice whose marriage union changes almost into boxing fight. Their battle for individual freedom emerges from the fundamental problems of human existence that constitute the subject matter of theatre. This battle, causes power mechanisms, coexists with the stress of death, the metaphysical distress, the fear and the violence. Under the pretext of naturalistic elements, Strindberg shows the paranoia of modern society. Between Edgar and Alice we see also a third man named Kurt. He proposes the submission and the humanism, however without any result. On the contrary, Kurt causes the awakening of the forces of evil that the human nature hides. Thus the dance of death of Edgar and Alice that began with their marriage will go on and it will be also bequeathed to their children. Strindberg, despite the insuperable psychological situations that dramatize in this devilish comedy, as Becket has characterized the 'Dance of Death', he puts emphasis on the intensity of the atmosphere of despair, terror, solitude and madness.