'Uncle Vanya' the masterpiece of Anton Chekhov, is a complicated tragicomedy of unfulfilled loves, devotion to the land and provincial boredom, where the excellently sketched up characters create themselves the interior action. The principal characters, uncle Vanya and his niece Sonia, fade in a repeated miserable routine in the country, having as the only purpose of their life the financial support of their relative person living in the capital, who is a pretentious university teacher .As in his others plays, Chekhov chooses here a group of people and immobilizes them. The nine heroes in 'Uncle Vanya' , blocked in the summer languor of a country house , are at the absolute disposal of the writer. We see them, in the beginning of the play, to chatter vividly and with a nonchalant air, for life, for themselves, their relationships and their tastes. After giving the spectator the basic information, the little 'Chekhovian' earthquakes will begin, subcutaneous and invisible, and everything will start getting upside down. Softly and quietly the mental symptoms will appear. Joy, sadness, disappointments, hopes. Being a doctor, Chekhov followed the methodology of a scientist in the control of his technique. Chekhov with a sharp and critical look dissects firstly the phenomenon of life and human, later though the artist interferes filling the gaps with subdued passion. Feelings and sentiments shake on stage, cross one another and create a peculiar poetic atmosphere as the veil of conventionality meets the real mood of the people.